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Thread: need help w/ reg error

  1. #1
    Senior Member Gixxer's Avatar
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    need help w/ reg error

    Stop: c0000218 {Registry File Failure} The registry cannot load the hive (file): \SystemRoot\System32\Config\SOFTWARE or its log or alternate

    this is the error and this is what i am in the middle of doing

    Part one

    In part one, you start the Recovery Console, create a temporary folder, back up the existing registry files to a new location, delete the registry files at their existing location, and then copy the registry files from the repair folder to the System32\Config folder. When you have finished this procedure, a registry is created that you can use to start Windows XP. This registry was created and saved during the initial setup of Windows XP. Therefore any changes and settings that occurred after the Setup program was finished are lost.

    To complete part one, follow these steps:
    1. Insert the Windows XP startup disk into the floppy disk drive, or insert the Windows XP CD-ROM into the CD-ROM drive, and then restart the computer.
      Click to select any options that are required to start the computer from the CD-ROM drive if you are prompted to do so.
    2. When the "Welcome to Setup" screen appears, press R to start the Recovery Console.
    3. If you have a dual-boot or multiple-boot computer, select the installation that you want to access from the Recovery Console.
    4. When you are prompted to do so, type the Administrator password. If the administrator password is blank, just press ENTER.
    5. At the Recovery Console command prompt, type the following lines, pressing ENTER after you type each line: md tmp
      copy c:\windows\system32\config\system c:\windows\tmp\system.bak
      copy c:\windows\system32\config\software c:\windows\tmp\software.bak
      copy c:\windows\system32\config\sam c:\windows\tmp\sam.bak
      copy c:\windows\system32\config\security c:\windows\tmp\security.bak
      copy c:\windows\system32\config\default c:\windows\tmp\default.bak

      delete c:\windows\system32\config\system
      delete c:\windows\system32\config\software
      delete c:\windows\system32\config\sam
      delete c:\windows\system32\config\security
      delete c:\windows\system32\config\default

      copy c:\windows\repair\system c:\windows\system32\config\system
      copy c:\windows\repair\software c:\windows\system32\config\software
      copy c:\windows\repair\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
      copy c:\windows\repair\security c:\windows\system32\config\security
      copy c:\windows\repair\default c:\windows\system32\config\default
    6. Type exit to quit Recovery Console. Your computer will restart
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------

    i made the dir "tmp1" but when i try to repair the file it says it cannot find the dir. is that because i made it "tmp1" and not tmp and if so how do i get it from tmp1 for repair\replacement?

    TIA
    a.k.a. GSXR 750

  2. #2
    Ohh Hell yeah.. Sava700's Avatar
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    Had a problem with this error on a students machine a while back. Turned out to be a bad harddrive that was on the edge of reporting that in diagnostics but didn't. Replaced the drive and all was well.

    I would back up everything, do a fresh install with a Regular Format not Quick...and reinstall for starters. If you get it again then replace the drive.

  3. #3
    Moderator YeOldeStonecat's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Gixxer View Post
    i made the dir "tmp1" but when i try to repair the file it says it cannot find the dir. is that because i made it "tmp1" and not tmp and if so how do i get it from tmp1 for repair\replacement?

    TIA
    At what point does it give you the error? There's no actual "repair" process here, it's all just file copying. Copy current registry to "tmp" folder as a backup (or whatever you wish to name it), delete current registry, then copy in the very first registry from the install.

    The above process isn't worth much...it restores your computer to the very first day you unbuckled it as far as the operating system goes. Your data will be there, but Windows won't know what to do with it, you have to reinstall all your software.

    Have you tried doing a system restore instead?

    When the hard drive starts to flake out...the system32\config folder is often the first directory to corrupt..because it's so heavily used.
    MORNING WOOD Lumber Company
    Guinness for Strength!!!

  4. #4
    Senior Member Gixxer's Avatar
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    i plan on removing all the data once i get it back to windows and then format/reinstall. i get the error/blue screen right after the XP splash.
    a.k.a. GSXR 750

  5. #5
    Moderator YeOldeStonecat's Avatar
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    If a reinstall is planned...it's a matter of a decision of time invested.

    Save time...remove drive, slave into another PC....copy data you need. Then proceed with new drive/fresh rebuild. When PC is able to boot up with fresh install....copy data back from other PC you save it to. Via USB thumb drive since they're huge now, or via network..just open a share and copy back, or yank drive..slave back in..copy data back. Any of the 3 methods...quite fast 'n easy.
    MORNING WOOD Lumber Company
    Guinness for Strength!!!

  6. #6
    Senior Member Gixxer's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by YeOldeStonecat View Post
    If a reinstall is planned...it's a matter of a decision of time invested.

    Save time...remove drive, slave into another PC....copy data you need. Then proceed with new drive/fresh rebuild. When PC is able to boot up with fresh install....copy data back from other PC you save it to. Via USB thumb drive since they're huge now, or via network..just open a share and copy back, or yank drive..slave back in..copy data back. Any of the 3 methods...quite fast 'n easy.
    that is what i figured on doing but wanted to go through the steps of the reg replace
    a.k.a. GSXR 750

  7. #7
    Moderator YeOldeStonecat's Avatar
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    If you're chasing that step...at what point does it give you the error?

    All those steps are just run at the command prompt. You can make that "tmp" directory whatever you want to call it, Buick, or Dildo, or Dog. Calling it tmp1 shouldn't matter. But..when copying the virgin registry files over..at what exact step is it giving you the error?

    Are you able to view the contents of the config directory? Are you able to view the contents of the repair directory?
    MORNING WOOD Lumber Company
    Guinness for Strength!!!

  8. #8
    Senior Member Gixxer's Avatar
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    copy c:\windows\repair\system c:\windows\system32\config\system
    copy c:\windows\repair\software c:\windows\system32\config\software
    copy c:\windows\repair\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    copy c:\windows\repair\security c:\windows\system32\config\security
    copy c:\windows\repair\default c:\windows\system32\config\default


    when i start these steps it gives me "cannot find file"
    a.k.a. GSXR 750

  9. #9
    Ohh Hell yeah.. Sava700's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Gixxer View Post
    copy c:\windows\repair\system c:\windows\system32\config\system
    copy c:\windows\repair\software c:\windows\system32\config\software
    copy c:\windows\repair\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    copy c:\windows\repair\security c:\windows\system32\config\security
    copy c:\windows\repair\default c:\windows\system32\config\default


    when i start these steps it gives me "cannot find file"
    copy from the disk...

  10. #10
    Moderator YeOldeStonecat's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Gixxer View Post
    copy c:\windows\repair\system c:\windows\system32\config\system
    copy c:\windows\repair\software c:\windows\system32\config\software
    copy c:\windows\repair\sam c:\windows\system32\config\sam
    copy c:\windows\repair\security c:\windows\system32\config\security
    copy c:\windows\repair\default c:\windows\system32\config\default


    when i start these steps it gives me "cannot find file"
    Are you able to do a DIR from within \repair directory and view files? My hunch is...perhaps the drive is toasted to the degree that quite a few directories within C:\Windows may be hosed....

    Can try a chkdsk /r ...but that can get time exhausting, versus slave the drive 'n copy needed contents...blam..done.
    MORNING WOOD Lumber Company
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  11. #11
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    http://www.ubcd4win.com/

    make an ultimate boot cd, there is a utility they have in there called "registry restore wizard" that lets you pick previous registry restore points. An invaluable tool...it is far simpler and easier then messing with what your trying to do, which I have done with varying degrees of success. Usually it's a waste of time for me, and also like StoneCat said, it will revert everything to a virgin install state.

    I second the advice of just save time and energy, slave the drive, pull your data off if you can, then do a Windows repair install or clean install if you can't make a UBCD...

  12. #12
    Senior Member Gixxer's Avatar
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    thanks for the help guys. i am just going to go ahead pull the data and redo the drive. if it was the weekend and i had more time i guess i would go through the steps but i have to have in done in a couple days.

    thanks again.
    a.k.a. GSXR 750

  13. #13
    Certified SG Addict CableDude's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by YeOldeStonecat View Post
    Save time...remove drive, slave into another PC....copy data you need. Then proceed with new drive/fresh rebuild. When PC is able to boot up with fresh install....copy data back from other PC you save it to. Via USB thumb drive since they're huge now, or via network..just open a share and copy back, or yank drive..slave back in..copy data back. Any of the 3 methods...quite fast 'n easy.
    YOSC, ftmfw!

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