"KiloCore" is the world's first microchip with 1000 processors2016-06-21 03:19 by Daniela
Scientists at the University of California, Davis (UC Davis), have developed the world's first microchip containing 1,000 independent programmable processors. Called 'KiloCore', the chip is the fastest ever designed by any university and is capable of processing up to 1.78 trillion instructions every second.
The independence of the cores makes the KiloCore chip a multiple instruction, multiple data (MIMD) computer. All 1000 cores can be independently clocked, which means that cores that aren't required for a certain task, can be shut down as required. The average maximum clock frequency, though, is about 1.78GHz.
"The cores do not utilize explicit hardware caches and they operate more like autonomous computers that pass information by messages rather than a shared-memory approach with caches," Bevan Baas, a computer engineering professor and leader of the UC Davis team explained. "From the chip level point of view, the shared memories are like storage nodes on the network that can be used to store data or instructions and in fact can be used in conjunction with a core so it can execute a much larger program than what fits inside a single core."
The CPU consists of 621 million transistors and was fabricated by IBM on their relatively ancient 32nm CMOS technology, which means that mass production is not expected anytime soon.
Such multi-core processors are generally developed and used for research purposes. Kilo-core will predominantly be used to process scientific data and provide high-level encryption, among other things.
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